The Peonie: Queen of Islamic Floral Art

"During the night the Peonie spends medicine and healing, during the day the beautiful “Rose with no thorns” is protected by a jealous bird."

The Peonie (Paeonia officinalis) is known in phytology lore as “Fuga Demonica” – a repellent against bad energies and demons. It is a medical rose that came back to medieval Europe via the Islamic world from China (who imported it - via Arab, Persian and Syrian traders - originally from ancient Greece). The Peonie is a very stately flowering bush with large, lush dark pink, purple and rose tinted blooms. She is a wonderful floral gift for women.

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The Origins of Islamic Medicinal Knowledge

“I prefer a short life with width, to a narrow one with length.” ~ Ibn Sina (Avicenna)

After Muhammed’s (a.s.) death in 632/11 the young Islamic movement moved up North and passed the borders of the Arab peninsula into Syrian-Byzantian territory and into the areas of what is known as the Sassanid or Persian empire. The early influences of these cultures on Islam, stretched into architecture, art, and in particular also into medicine and patient care in hospitals. The medical school and hospital to Gondeshapur in the South of what is nowadays Iran was the very foundations of early Islamic hospital culture also known as Bimaristans, a Persian word.

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