The Tower, Collage by Roya Azak

On Salat and Rakat

Bismillaah ar-Rahman ar-Raheem
Al hamdu lillaahi rabbil ‘alameen
Ar-Rahman ar-Raheem Maaliki yaumid Deen
Iyyaaka na’abudu wa iyyaaka nasta’een
Ihdinas siraatal mustaqeem
Siraatal ladheena an ‘amta’ alaihim
Ghairil maghduubi’ alaihim waladaaleen
Aameen”
~ The Fatihah Prayer, Qu’ran

This is an overiew into the prescribed basic praying techniques in Islam. It is a powerful medicine against all kinds of mental, spiritual and physical ailments. A more comprehensive overview is given on the site Al-Islam.

Within the Islamic world are multiple variations of the basic prayers. Some Muslims  pray less, some pray more, some add zikrs (calling upon God’s names), some mix in prayers for personal needs in special times and so on.
Salat/Salah – The formal prayer
The five mandatory prayers (salat) are spread over various parts of the day in such a way that the devotee is not only in contact with God frequently and receives peace and blessings a but also experiences psychological and physical well-being. Each of the physical and spiritual movements of salat  is accompanied by supplications to be recited in Arabic. 
Rakat in Detail
A rakat, or rakʿah (Arabic: ركعة rakʿah‎, plural: ركعات rakaʿāt), consists of the prescribed movements and words followed by Muslims while offering prayers to God (Allah). The opening prayer is the Fatiha.
After performing the ablution (washing/cleansing), and evoking the intention to pray for the sake of God, the worshipper will stand quietly while reciting verses of the Quran and the Fatiha (Opening prayer).
Bismillaah ar-Rahman ar-Raheem
Al hamdu lillaahi rabbil ‘alameen
Ar-Rahman ar-Raheem Maaliki yaumid Deen
Iyyaaka na’abudu wa iyyaaka nasta’een
Ihdinas siraatal mustaqeem
Siraatal ladheena an ‘amta’ alaihim
Ghairil maghduubi’ alaihim waladaaleen
Aameen
In the name of God, the Compassionate and Merciful.
Praise be to God, Lord of all the worlds.
The Compassionate, the Merciful.
Ruler on the Day of Reckoning.

You alone do we worship, and You alone do we ask for help.
Guide us on the straight path,
the path of those who have received your grace;
not the path of those who have brought down wrath, nor of those who wander astray.
Amen.
The second part of the rakat involves bowing low with hands on knees, as if waiting for God’s orders.
The third movement is to prostrate oneself on the ground, with forehead and nose on the floor and elbows raised, in a posture of submission to God.
The fourth movement is to sit with the feet folded under the body. In the concluding portion of the prayers, the worshiper recites “Peace be upon you, and God’s blessing (assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah)” once while facing the right, and once while the face is turned to the left. Each daily prayer has a different number of obligatory rakats:
  • Fajr — The dawn prayer: 2 rakats
  • Zuhr — The midday or afternoon prayer: 4 rakats
  • Asr — The late afternoon prayer: 4 rakats
  • Maghrib — The evening prayer: 3 rakats
  • Isha — The night prayer: 4 rakats, plus 3 rakats
The teachings on the exact praying times and details vary greaty between Shi’a and Sunni and from region to region. Shi’a also include clay from Kerbalah, a Turbah, in their prayers and it is recommended to pray on simple straw mats (Kumrah) to be as close as possible to simplicity and to the earth.
The Friday prayer consists of 2 obligatory rakats, and is offered – whenever possible – in congregation in place of the afternoon prayer on Friday.
______________________________
In his work “The Book of Sufi Healing” Shaykh Hakim Moinuddin Chishti talks in great detail about the origins of the Islamic prayers and it’s multiple benefits, including the extra ordinary combined healing powers of the vocal sounds and movement in Salat.

Posts from the Blog

Posted in Islam & Psychiatry, Islamic Esotericism & Mysticism, Islamic Psychology, Islamic Spiritual Health, Islamic Trauma Treatment, Mental & Spiritual Health, Spiritual Health of Women, Spiritual Psychology, Traditional Islamic Treatments and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

Roya Azal

Roya Azal ~ Woman, Blogger, Geek, Artist, Healing Spirit.

Studio:
http://www.earthangel.one