Plants in Islamic Gardens

"Beauty surrounds us, but usually we need to be walking in a garden to know it."

~ Dschalāl ad-Dīn ar-Rūmī

Plants in Northern & Southern Islamic Gardens

Introduction

Shrubs

Southern Gardens are hot and dry or tropical - humid and hot. Winter and night time temperatures don't drop below -6C):

Acacia, Oleander, Yucca, Bougainvillea, Laurel, Olibanum, Myrthe, Sea Buckthorn, Hibiscus, Rose Persica other species of wild roses bushes etc


Northern Gardens are damp and cool and of a moderate climate. In Winter and nights temperatures can drop below -6C. Many plants known from Southern gardens that thrive in the Summer also in the North require special protection and care during Winter:

Hazelnut, Crysanthium, Laurel, Bux, Sea Buckthorn, Bougainvillea, Hibiscus, Sambucus, Rose Hip, Genista etc

Herbs

Southern Gardens are hot and dry or tropical - humid and hot. Winter and night time temperatures don't drop below -6C):

Aloe, Rosemary, Mint, Oregano, Thyme, Bay, Chamomile, Juniper, Ginseng, Anise, Arnica etc


Northern Gardens are damp and cool and of a moderate climate. In Winter and nights temperatures can drop below -6C. Many plants known from Southern gardens that thrive in the Summer also in the North require special protection and care during Winter:

Black Cherry, Boswellia, Red Clover, Rosemary, Thyme, Parsley, Chives, Arnica, Chamomile etc

Flowers

Southern Gardens are hot and dry or tropical - humid and hot. Winter and night time temperatures don't drop below -6C):

Crocus sativus (Safran), Tulip, Hyacinth, Narcissi, Roses, Peonies, Lotus, Violets, Lilie, Jasmine etc


Northern Gardens are damp and cool and of a moderate climate. In Winter and nights temperatures can drop below -6C. Many plants known from Southern gardens that thrive in the Summer also in the North require special protection and care during Winter:

Crocus sativus (Safran), Tulip, Hyacinth, Narcissi, Roses, Peonies, Lotus, Violets, Lilie, Jasmine, Calendula, Anemone etc

Trees

Southern Gardens are hot and dry or tropical - humid and hot. Winter and night time temperatures don't drop below -6C):

Fig, Cherry, Peach, Citrus, Pomegranate, Almond, Lotus, Chenar, Cypress, Olive, Palm, Orange, Walnut etc


Northern Gardens are damp and cool and of a moderate climate. In Winter and nights temperatures can drop below -6C. Many plants known from Southern gardens that thrive in the Summer also in the North require special protection and care during Winter:

Walnut, Apple, Pear, Chestnut, Talia, Cherry, Olive etc

Plants in Northern & Southern Islamic Gardens

Overview

Plants, Trees, Herbs and Flowers

Depending on the region, certain trees, herbs, plants and flowers are planted that have deep symbolic meanings in Islamic culture. The most famous Paradise tree is the “Tuba tree”. It is a fantastic tree, that only grows in paradise. It is mentioned in the Quran.

In the earthly Islamic paradises we find Fig, Cherry, Peach, Citrus, Pomegranate trees, and Almond, with their abundant blossom. We can also find Lotus trees and Chenar trees (the plane tree, platanus orientalis) with their large, shade-giving leaves, and the cypress, the palm-tree and the olive.

Flower-beds are filled with fragrant varieties such as Jasmine, Roses, Tulips, Narcissi, Peonies, Violets and Lilies. “Acacias, palms and vines” are mentioned in the Qur’an. Further to be found in Islamic gardens are the Willow, Bay, Juniper, Myrtle and Laurel. I also know of Islamic gardens where small and very modest flowers are planted and that primarily function as sacred herb gardens.

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