Geometry in Islamic Gardens
"My religion consists of a humble admiration of the illimitable superior spirit who reveals himself in the slight details we are able to perceive with our frail and feeble mind."
~ Albert Einstein
Central Numbers in Islamic Garden Geometry
Geometry in Islamic Garden Design
Islamic Geometry: Esoterical & Exoterical Order (Inner & Outer Order)
In Islam exist sacred esoterical numbers that are incorporated in architecture, art and design and in the landscape design of gardens. These numbers are used in Numerology but also create order and focus. The numbers are four, seven, five, six, eight, forty, twelve and so on. Four represents the four levels of the Quran. Eight represents paradise. Four also represents the four elements – fire, water, air, earth.
“Ideally, in the Islamic garden paradise can be found in each square no matter how large or small.”
The Quadripartite layout is the core feature of the Islamic garden. In the Quran, four gardens are described, irrigated by four water courses which are said to represent the rivers to be found in paradise. The lowest pair of gardens in paradise are the Garden of the Soul and the Garden of the Heart (reserved for the Righteous) and the higher pair are the Garden of the Spirit and the Garden of the Essence (reserved for the “Foremost”). The four-fold form of the Islamic Garden is thus not just a harmonious and beautiful design but incorporates a complex and profound meaning. In the garden, the land is divided into the squares by channels of water said to represent the rivers to be found in paradise. Ideally, in the Islamic garden paradise can be found in each square no matter how large or small.
The Persians created palaces and gardens called Hasht Behesht or Eight Paradises – the one remaining palace garden on the Chahar Bagh Avenue in Isfahan is called the “Hasht Behesht”.