“Typhus has a part in Spanish history. The old Spanish name for it was Tarbardoillo, from the word for a red cloak, inspired by the crimson red rash which is one of the symptoms of epedemic typhus fever (…)”~ Spanish Mountain Life, Juliette de Bairacli Levy
The disease was brought to Spain as long ago as the 13th century, by soldiers returning from Cyprus. At the siege of Granada later in the 15th century, typhus was an important factor in aiding Spanish victory, as the fever became epedemic amongst the Moorish defenders and slew more of them then any other weapon of war.” ~ Spanish Mountain Life, Juliette de Bairacli Levy
“The colour should be greenish (like duckweed), and there should be two longitudinal lines having the colour of orpiment and ruddy; they should be rounded and liver-coloured. One may accept leeches which look like little locusts, or like mousetails, with very small heads. But do not accept those with red bellies and green backs, especially if they were collected from running waters.” ~ Avicenna on Leeches, from “The Canon of Medicine”
Leeches have been used for therapeutic purposes for millennia. The earliest traces of the use of leeches appear to date back to 1600-1300 BC to a Greek named Nicander of Colophon. The medical use of leeches is discussed by Avicenna ( Ibn Sina) in The Canon of Medicine (follow this link for the Online Edition of The Canon of Medicine and the section on leeches), as well as by Abd-el-latif al-Baghdadi in the 12th century.
اقْتَرَبَتِ السَّاعَةُ وَانشَقَّ الْقَمَرُ وَإِن يَرَوْا آيَةً يُعْرِضُوا وَيَقُولُوا سِحْرٌ مُّسْتَمِرٌّ
"The hour drew nigh and the moon did rend asunder. And if they see a miracle they turn aside and say: Transient magic." ~ Verse 54:1-2 of the Qur'an
“Cupping is most detestable at the beginning of the crescent, but it is curing when the full moon begins to decrease.” ~ Prophet Muhammed (a.s)
“Smile, even if your heart is dripping blood.” – Imam Ali (a.s)
Many confuse Hijama to be the same as popular wet cupping (or dry cupping in it’s alternative blood less application) or even the same as leeching. However, Hijama is it’s own unique medicinal technique that cures patients of many ailments including psychic illness (depression aso.), chronic headaches, poisoning and asthma to name just a few applications.
“Man is the weakest of creatures because he is empty in himself. The central place of man is his heart. This is in the image of the Supreme Name of God, the hā’ of Allah, which in Arabic script forms a circle. This circle is at once a sign of the capacity of the circle to encompass everything, and also of its essential emptiness.” ~ Paul Ballanfat
“The Scientific Tradition defines truth as measurable and repeatable. The whole is the same as its most active part. Herbs are reduced to standardized extracts; only the active ingredient is important. Healing is fixing. Linear thought, linear time. Good and bad, health and sickness are always at war. (…).” ~ Susun Weed
“According to Islamic tradition, a new month or a new year can only be announced when the new crescent moon appears in the night sky and is seen by two reliable witnesses.”
The Islamic (Hijri) calendar is based on the lunar cycle, which means that each month is either 29 or 30 days (but never 28 or 31). Compared to the Western Gregorian calendar that makes it shorter by 10 or 11 days each year. The result is that every year the Islamic calendar ‘moves back’ compared to the Western year.
"Where there's stagnation, there will be pain. Remove the stagnation, and you remove the pain." ~ Chinese Proverb
"Hijama”, is a therapy of fine cuts and cupping that is widely practised in the Islamic world since ancient times and praised by the prophet Muhammed (a.s) himself. Hijama is a unique medicinal treatment, but got in the last decades increasingly mixed and confused with other blood letting techniques.